Metadata4Ing: An ontology for describing the generation of research data within a scientific activity (v. 1.0.0)

The ontology Metadata4Ing is developed within the NFDI Consortium NFDI4Ing with the aim of providing a thorough framework for the semantic description of research data, with a particular focus on engineering sciences and neighbouring disciplines. This ontology allows a thorough description of the whole data generation process (experiment, observation, simulation), embracing the object of investigation, all sample and data manipulation procedures, a summary of the data files and the information contained, and all personal and institutional roles. The subordinate classes and relations can be built according to the two principles of _inheritance_ and _modularity_. _Inheritance_ means that a subclass inherits all properties of its superordinate class, possibly adding some new ones. _Modularity_ means that all expansions are independent of each other; this makes possible for instance to generate expanded ontologies for any possible combinations of method × object of research.

Ontology information

Ontology ID: m4i
Version: v1.0.0
Number of terms: 31
Last loaded: Thu Jun 02 21:19:47 GMT 2022

creator

Metadata4Ing Workgroup

references

zenodo.3816686

citation

Metadata4Ing Workgroup (2022). Metadata4Ing: An ontology for describing the generation of research data within a scientific activity.

created

2022-02-22

abstract

The ontology Metadata4Ing is developed within the NFDI Consortium NFDI4Ing with the aim of providing a thorough framework for the semantic description of research data, with a particular focus on engineering sciences and neighbouring disciplines. This ontology allows a thorough description of the whole data generation process (experiment, observation, simulation), embracing the object of investigation, all sample and data manipulation procedures, a summary of the data files and the information contained, and all personal and institutional roles. The subordinate classes and relations can be built according to the two principles of _inheritance_ and _modularity_. _Inheritance_ means that a subclass inherits all properties of its superordinate class, possibly adding some new ones. _Modularity_ means that all expansions are independent of each other; this makes possible for instance to generate expanded ontologies for any possible combinations of method × object of research.

label

Metadata4Ing

title

Metadata4Ing: An ontology for describing the generation of research data within a scientific activity.

license

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

contributor

Cord Wiljes (https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2528-5391), Universität Bielefeld (https://ror.org/02hpadn98, https://isni.org/isni/0000000109449128)

Giacomo Lanza (https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2239-3955), Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) (https://ror.org/05r3f7h03, https://isni.org/isni/0000000121861887)

Benjamin Farnbacher (https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1489-6501), Technische Universität München (TUM) (https://ror.org/02kkvpp62, https://isni.org/isni/0000000123222966)

Jürgen Windeck (https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1909-4353), Technische Universität Darmstadt (https://ror.org/05n911h24, https://isni.org/isni/0000000109401669)

Susanne Arndt (https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1019-9151), Technische Informationsbibliothek (TIB) (https://ror.org/04aj4c181, https://isni.org/isni/0000000121746694)

Džulia Terzijska (https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1698-6826), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT) (https://ror.org/04t3en479, https://isni.org/isni/0000000100755874)

Johannes Theissen-Lipp (https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2639-1949), RWTH Aachen University (https://ror.org/04xfq0f34, https://isni.org/isni/0000000121811804)

Martin Thomas Horsch (https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9464-6739), UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) (https://ror.org/001aqnf71, https://isni.org/isni/0000000494535400)

Sophia Leimer (https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6272-204X), Universität Duisburg-Essen (https://ror.org/04mz5ra38, https://isni.org/isni/0000000121875445)

Nils Hoppe (https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0580-9717), Technische Universität München (TUM) (https://ror.org/02kkvpp62, https://isni.org/isni/0000000123222966)

Dorothea Iglezakis (https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8524-0569), Universität Stuttgart (https://ror.org/04vnq7t77, https://isni.org/isni/0000000419369713)

Johanna Hickmann (https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7535-8344), Technische Universität Berlin (https://ror.org/03v4gjf40, https://isni.org/isni/0000000122928254)

Johannes Munke (https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5031-9170), Leibniz Supercomputing Centre (LRZ) (https://ror.org/05558nw16, https://isni.org/isni/0000000123369749)

Stephan Hachinger (https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8341-1478), Leibniz Supercomputing Centre (LRZ) (https://ror.org/05558nw16, https://isni.org/isni/0000000123369749)

Marc Fuhrmans (https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9826-018X), Technische Universität Darmstadt (https://ror.org/05n911h24, https://isni.org/isni/0000000109401669)

Ashish Karmacharya (https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2822-7648), Technische Universität Darmstadt (https://ror.org/05n911h24, https://isni.org/isni/0000000109401669)

rights

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

modified

2022-02-22

publisher

NFDI4Ing (https://www.nfdi4ing.de/)

comment

Metadata4Ing defines classes and properties or reuses such classes and properties from other ontologies to describe research processes and research data management in NFDI4Ing. New concepts and properties are located in the namespace of Metadata4Ing. Metadata4Ing does not import complete ontologies for the sake of relevance, readability, understandability and usability by and for engineers. Instead, it tries to make re-use of existing identifiers for classes and properties by re-using all or a relevant subset of the axioms from the original ontology. These statements have been extracted in different ways, e.g. by using Protégé tools importing an ontology and copying axioms of relevant items to Metadata4Ing or by download from data services or raw files of ontologies and manual copypasting. In some cases there was a need to extend or modify the original set of statements about an entity, e.g. because labels and definitions were expressed with a different owl:AnnotationProperty than the rest of Metadata4Ing, or because a skos:preflabel or a skos:definition in any of the languages we would like to support was missing. Any editorial changes on elements from external ontologies are declared in Metadata4Ing by an annotation with skos:editorialNote at item-level. To get the original set of statements we encourage to visit the original namespace of the respective item. Metadata4Ing reuses elements from the following ontologies: - BIBO = Bibliographic Ontology - BIRO = Bibliographic Reference Ontology - DCAT = Data Catalog - DCTERMS = Dublin Core Terms - FOAF = Friend of a Friend - OWL = Web Ontology Language - PROV = Provenance Namespace - QUDT = Quantities, Units, Dimensions and Types - RDF = Resource Description Framework - RDFS = RDF Schema - SCHEMA = schema.org - SKOS = Simple Knowledge Organization System - SSN = Semantic Sensor Network Ontology - VANN = Vocabulary for Annotating vocabulary descriptions - XSD = XML Schema Definition - EMMO = European Materials and Modelling Ontology - BFO = Basic Formal Ontology - RO = Relation Ontology - PIMS-II = PIMS Interoperability Infrastructure - D-SI = Digital System of Units

preferredNamespaceUri

http://w3id.org/nfdi4ing/metadata4ing#

issued

2022-02-22

doi

zenodo.5957104

status

active